Cross-border cooperation (CBC) is a concerted process of building neighbourly relations between local stakeholders and authorities on both sides of national land and sea borders. It is a highly heterogeneous process in terms of relations, actors, institutional settings, legal frameworks and financial tools involved.
CBC is not about conveying additional powers to border communities or authorities. Rather, CBC is a more efficient way of exercising their powers and implementing actions which are effective, efficient and coherent.
Local communities and authorities do not pursue cross-border cooperation activities per se and the core of CBC policies and practices is not found in particular legal forms, financing opportunities, or the acquisition of new capacities; it is about overcoming the problems that a border imposes on the communities divided by it.