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The CBC action focused on the Water Framework Directive (WFD) and the Helsinki convention of the European Economic Commission of the UN, the foundations of CBC in the field of water.
No specific obstacle for this activity. For general obstacles to CBC, please check the contributor's page.
These programmes aim at enforcing:
1. Agricultural measures: reduction of pesticides and fertilisers, protection of the areas intended for captation of drinking water, sensibilisation and training of farmers, enforcing the standards of livestock buildings, reduction of erosion and pollution of rivers.
2. Purification measures: creation of new purification stations, improvement of their capacity and levels of processing, reparation and upgrading of the networks collecting used waters, collection and processing of rain water, improving the standards of the networks joints.
3. Hydromorphologic measures: restauration/protection of the riverbanks, re-stablishment of the communication between the river branches, acquisition of specific land zones (branches, etc.), suppression/reduction of dams and creation of fishways, restauration of ecological continuity.
In France, as in the other EU states, the first water management plans in the frame on EU law were adopted st the end of 2009, following the Water Development and Management Master Plan.
The Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes (Water Convention) is the only juridical framework in force for cross-border waters. It establishes the setting for a stable and long terme cooperation between riverside countries as well as for the sustainable use of water resources and associated ecosystems.
The goals of the Convention are
- The protection of cross-border waters (superficial and underground) through prevention, control and reduction of cross-border impact.
- The ecological management of cross-border waters.
- The sound and fair use of cross-border waters and the prevention of conflicts.
- The preservation and restauration of ecosystems.
Examples of project applying the WFD and the Convention of Helsinki:
1. SMEAG (Garonne Transfrontalière). (SP/FR), project aimed at the creation of a cross-border observatory in the framework of the Interreg project 3A “La vallée de la Garonne, un territoire transfrontalier”, www.garona-i-garonne.com.
2. River contract Semois/Semoy. (BE/FR), cf. www.semois-semoy.org.
3. Upper Rhin Conference(DE/FR/CH).