Case Study Category: EnvironmentCase Study Tags: Cooperation, Croatia, Environment, Prevention, and Serbia
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This CBC operation aimed at reinforcing CBC in the field of environmental protection between Croatia and Serbia.
1. Lack of integrated and co-ordinated interventions to protect the environment and promote sustainable development.
2. Lack of monitoring system for air and soil contamination.
3. Lack of an integrated waste management system in the cross-border area.
Implementation of a specific cross-border programme for environmental protection.
The programme area is made up of ‘eligible’ and ‘adjacent’ regions. The Croatian eligible regions are the directly bordering counties: Osjek-Baranja and Vukovar- Srijem. The Serbian eligible regions are 3 bordering districts: Sremska, South Bačka and West Bačka plus the North Bačka district. North Bačka does not have a physical border with Croatia but is included as an eligible region because of its large ethnic Croatian minority.
In addition, the programme area extends to 2 Croatian counties and 1 Serbian adjacent district. The reason for extending the programme to these regions is that they have high similarity to the eligible regions in terms of demographic, economic and geographic characteristics. The links between eligible and adjacent regions are specifically emphasized in terms of tradition and culture, resulting from the large migrations in the mid-1990s following the war.