Coordination and promotion at the regional level governmental policies with regard to Regional Planning and Development, Environment, Land Management, Inter-Regional and Cross-Border Cooperation and also support to Local Government and inter-municipal associations.
1. Coordination and Regional Development Commissions (CCDR, following the Portuguese designation – Comissões de Coordenação e Desenvolvimento Regional).
2. GNP-EGTC – Euroregion Galicia Norte of Portugal-European Grouping on Territorial Cooperation.
3. Portuguese administrator CCDR Norte, Spanish administrator Xunta de Galicia.
4. EuroACE – Euroregion of Alentejo, Centro and Extremadura.
5. Portuguese administrator CCDR Alentejo, CCDR Centro, Spanish administrator Xunta de Extremadura.
6. EuroAAA – Euroregion of Alentejo, Algarve and Andaluzia.
7. Portuguese administrator CCDR Alentejo, CCDR Algarve, Spanish administrator Xunta de Andaluzia.
The cooperation started in 1990, with the INTERREG programme. Later three Euroregion protocol were created:
- EGTC-GPN – European Grouping on Territorial Cooperation-Galicia-Norte of Portugal has been formally established in May 2010.
- EuroACE – The protocol of cooperation established between Alentejo and Extremadura in Spain was signed on January 17, 1992. More recently, September 25, 2009, this protocol of cooperation was replaced by a new one, composed by three parts, which also include the central region of Portugal. This new protocol established the EuroACE that was adapted to the Treaty of Valencia.
- EuroAAA – The protocol of cooperation established between Alentejo, Algarve and Andalucía was signed on May 5, 2010.
- General Directorate for Local Authorities
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Reasons for Success in overcoming Obstacles
1. Long-established cooperation.
2. Common social and cultural roots shared by the people of Galicia and the North of Portugal.
3. High degree of confidence and mutual support.
Good Practices in identifying and removing Obstacles
1. EGTC-GPN – European Grouping on Territorial Cooperation-Galicia-Norte of Portugal has been formally established in May 2010.
2. EuroACE - The protocol of cooperation established between Alentejo and Extremadura in Spain was signed on January 17, 1999. In 2005 a new protocol established the EuroACE that was adapted to the Treaty of Valencia.
3. EuroAAA – The protocol of cooperation established between Alentejo, Algarve and Andalucía was signed on May 5, 2010.
4. Establishment of communication channels with both public and private institutions, which suffer from border related issues.
5. Specific meetings with stakeholders, municipalities, companies, universities, or holding conferences and seminars for discussions with experts on suffered contingencies and possible solutions.
Reasons for Obstacles Persistence
1. Different organisation and management within the two Public Administrations (e.g. Portugal doesn’t have political autonomy in the mainland regions like Spain).
2. Language barriers.
Obstacles to be removed by Unilateral Actions (State/Regional)
Ensuring greater interaction and participation among governance levels.