Estonian Ministry of the Interior is the national institution responsible for overall coordination and implementation of the European Territorial Cooperation programmes.
Estonia is participating in cross-border cooperation since 1994, when Estonia was included in the EU Phare Cross-border Cooperation programme.
- Ministry of Interior - European Territorial Cooperation Bureau
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Good Practices in identifying and removing Obstacles
Intergovernmental bilateral agreements on cross-border cooperation and bilateral agreements between the Ministries, the Regions and Local Governments in order to solve the obstacles hindering the cross-border.
Good Practices in identifying Cross-border territory as spatial unit
CBC regions in Estonia are identified within the European Territorial Cooperation programmes, the areas are depending on the programmes on the bases of NUTS III level.
Reasons for Obstacles Persistence
1. Lack of cooperation or bilateral/political agreements between the relevant national authorities.
2. Differences in administrative culture, in legislation and capacity or language can pose difficulties for the cross-border cooperation.
3. Export quotas set by the Russian Federation constrain economic cooperation and business.
Obstacles to be removed by Unilateral Action (State/Regional)
Conclusion of bilateral agreements serving to harmonisation of legislation (e.g. to remove the financial or administrative obstacles; to promote joint (spatial) planning and financing of important transport links).
Obstacles to be removed by coordination between State and Regional Actors
Estonia has no political / elected regional governments with independent legal or taxation rights (e.g. all obstacles, mainly linked to national legislation differences, and solutions remain at the state level).
Obstacles to be removed by International Cooperation
Providing cross-border services in health care, social services and education, providing joint emergency and rescue services, free movement of labour and goods, joint development and financing of cross-border infrastructure.